Download A General Theory of Emotions and Social Life by Warren D. TenHouten PDF

By Warren D. TenHouten

Founded upon the psychoevolutionary theories of Darwin, Plutchik and Izard, a common socioevolutionary concept of the sentiments - affect-spectrum concept - classifies a large spectrum of the sentiments and analyzes them at the sociological, mental and neurobiological levels.

This neurocognitive sociology of the feelings supersedes the main theoretical views constructed within the sociology of feelings by means of exhibiting fundamental feelings to be adaptive reactions to basic difficulties of lifestyles that have developed into uncomplicated social relationships and which may are expecting occurrences of the full spectrum of basic, advanced secondary, and tertiary emotions.

Written via prime social theorist Warren D. TenHouten, this e-book provides an encyclopaedic category of the sentiments, describing forty-six feelings intimately, and offering a common multilevel concept of feelings and social lifestyles. The scope of insurance of this key paintings is very topical and entire, and comprises the improvement of feelings in adolescence, symbolic elaboration of complicated feelings, feelings administration, violence, and cultural and gender transformations. whereas fundamental feelings have basically outlined valences, this conception exhibits that advanced feelings obey no algebraic legislations and that each one feelings have either inventive and damaging potentialities.


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Across a wide spectrum of cultures, disgust plays a crucial role in the expression and description of moral judgments. And while disgust is a negative emotion, for all of its visceralness, it is potentially also an aggressive, culture-creating passion (Miller 1997: xii). Rozin et al. (1994) see disgust as central to biological, psychological, and cultural aspects of human development where it acts to transmit values and culture. Disgust, The four pairs of opposite primary emotions 29 partly due to its lack of decorum, has received little attention in the study of emotions in society and culture.

2 A mixed-breed Shepard dog in antithetical postures. Panel A: Approaching another dog with hostile intentions; Panel B: The same dog in a humble and affectionate frame of mind. Both figures drawn by M. Riviere (source: Darwin’s 1872/1965: 54–5, figures 7–8). universal because of genetically-inherited “fixed action patterns” that vary across individuals and contexts. Similar conceptualizations emerged in the differential emotions theories of Silvan Tomkins (1962, 1963, 1991, 1992), Carroll Izard (1971, 1977, 1980) and Robert Plutchik (1958, 1962, 1980).

Alexander F. Shand) Joy and sadness are basic, self-directed emotions that assess one’s own sense of fortune or misfortune (Ben-Ze’ev 2000: 449). Especially in the modern era, people are relentlessly selfish in seeking happiness. The pursuit of happiness has become perceived to be a basic human right. 6 For example, Schumm (1999) suggests that “[j]oy does not have an immediately obvious negative. (p. 587). Even Plutchik, who is committed to Darwin’s principle of antithesis, contrasts joy with distress, which includes sadness as but one form.

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