By Faith Njeri Nguthi
Utilizing tissue-cultured expertise is a in all likelihood very important approach for smallholder banana farmers to enhance their yields and source of revenue. within the state of affairs of the impoverishing results of excessive HIV/AIDS-prevalence in a rural banana-farming neighborhood, this is applicable much more. The examine documented during this ebook examines the stability among required inputs and power merits of utilising the tissue-cultured know-how between HIV/AIDS-affected and non-affected families in Maragua district, vital Kenya, utilizing a livelihood process. the implications exhibit that adoption of the expertise and its persisted use differs in keeping with the assets endowment of the farming families. loss of monetary and actual capital, significantly a water tank, inhibits adoption, regardless of HIV/AIDS-status.However, families headed through aged adult females dominate one of the negative families and the HIV/AIDS-affected families. This illustrates how HIV/AIDS interfaces with poverty and, thereby, not directly with the feasibility of sustainable expertise adoption. The study additionally indicates that livelihood judgements and techniques of farming families are stimulated by means of land tenure prestige (having name deeds or no longer) and labour constraints on the loved ones point. The latter come up due to HIV/AIDS-related morbidity and mortality
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Extra resources for Adoption Of Agricultural Innovations By Smallholder Farmers In The Context Of HIV/AIDS: The Case of Tissue-Cultured Banana in Kenya
This study adopts the definition given by Ellis (2000:15), who sees diversification as ‘the process by which rural households construct an increasingly diverse portfolio of activities and assets in order to survive and to improve their standard of living’. Livelihood diversification activities are generally classified on the basis of their roles as means for coping, adaptation and accumulation. Differences have been observed between poor households that are struggling to survive and better-off households that are diversifying to accumulate.
Notwithstanding these differences, farming households deploy their assets and resources to engage in multiple activities that ensure livelihood security subject to the strategic livelihood objectives. Farm families engage in farming both for own consumption and the market, and they often work in off-farm enterprises to earn cash for investing in future food production and other household needs. Many rural farming households benefit from remittances sent by relatives working in urban areas or abroad.
The role of gender in livelihood generation cannot be overemphasized. This is because men and women bear different responsibilities and have different options in household livelihood generation. The concept of gender is used to describe all the socially given attributes, roles, activities and responsibilities associated with being a male or a female in a given society. 1 Gender and agriculture The central role of gender in agricultural development in African agriculture is now widely recognised.