By Louis P. Cassimatis
The diplomatic kinfolk among Greece and the us within the interwar interval have bought scant consciousness from historians, essentially due to the non-political and non-military position of the us in that a part of the realm sooner than the second one global battle. the yank presence in Greece after 1917, even if, will be basic to the social and fiscal improvement of the Greek kingdom, whereas American impression might finally permeate all degrees of Greek society.Dr. Cassimatis deals the 1st, full-length account of this formative interval within the background of Greek-American international relations. the problems isolating the governments of the U.S. and Greece within the Nineteen Twenties have been concurrently self-contained and overseas in scope. For Greece, they have been self-contained simply because they concerned strategies to household difficulties affecting the welfare--indeed, the survival--of the Greek country. across the world, they have been interconnected simply because efforts to result in their solution contributed to an American entanglement within the Near-East guidelines of significant Britain, France and Italy. therefore, American loans, advertisement aggrandizement, the inroads of yankee capital, philanthropy, and cultural relatives have been yet elements of a bigger diplomatic surroundings during which the pursuits of the us got here into clash with the pursuits of the Western ecu powers.
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Additional info for American influence in Greece, 1917-1929
This view of America belied a more pragmatic set of circumstances which were the controlling factors in the Near East policy of the State Department. After the First World War the United States abandoned Page 12 its traditional role as a debtor nation and became, instead, one of the chief creditors of the world. This fundamental transition was primarily the result of the immense public and private loans that America had granted to the Allies to finance their war effort. Important, too, was the expansion of American business.
8 The Intervention of the Allies As the pressures of war intensified, Constantine's intransigence could no longer be tolerated by the Allies. They concluded that the success of their war effort in northern Greece required a new regime in Athens. Accordingly, the French and British landed troops in Salonika early in October 1915. The German government's reaction to the Allied landing was surprisingly mild, partly because it understood the difficulty of Constantine's position. 9 The Allied decision to take military action was reinforced by rumors emanating from Berlin which suggested that Greece was ready to join the Central Powers.
Jutting southward into the eastern Mediterranean, Greece is simultaneously an integral part of Europe and the crossroads of three continents. For the Great Power this geographic extremity of Europe always has been of the greatest political concern, most particularly because of its accessibility and its strategic importance as a communications hub at the junction of Europe, Asia, and Africa. " From about 1825 until 1923 a variety of political and dynastic factors combined to create political instability in the country which enabled the three Protecting Powers to gain enormous control over the political, economic, and military affairs of Greece, ostensibly for the purpose of maintaining the fiscal integrity of Page 6 the new nation.