Download Argument, Inference and Dialectic: Collected Papers on by Robert C. Pinto (auth.) PDF

By Robert C. Pinto (auth.)

Chapters 1-12 of this quantity comprise the papers on infonnal good judgment and argumentation that i have released and/or learn at meetings over the past 17 years. those papers are reproduced right here pretty well unchanged from their first visual appeal; it's my purpose that their visual appeal right here represent a checklist of my positions and arguments on the time in their unique e-book or supply. i have made minor adjustments in fonnat, within the sort of references, etc., for the sake of consistency; i have additionally corrected typographical mistakes and so forth. the one broad adjustments in wording ensue within the previous couple of pages of bankruptcy 7, and have been made simply to permit the reader to determine extra truly what i used to be getting at in my first try to write in regards to the thought of coherence. bankruptcy thirteen was once written expressly for this quantity. It appears retrospectively on the contents of the 1st 12 chapters and makes an attempt to focus on the unifying subject matters that run via them. It additionally revisits the guidelines approximately dialectic that occupied my first in mild of later advancements in my considering but additionally reĀ­ paper, remodeling them emphasizing issues approximately which i have tended to stay silent within the previous couple of years.

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Extra info for Argument, Inference and Dialectic: Collected Papers on Informal Logic with an Introduction by Hans V. Hansen

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Other things being equal, it's reasonable for me to conclude that (C) You aren't married. But if I also know that (3) You are an Eastern Rite Catholic from a small country in which about half the Catholic clergy are married such additional information will override the support for the original conclusion, and do so without supporting the conclusion that you are married. We can understand what's going here in terms of Reichenbach's rule that for such cases we should base our conclusion on "the narrowest class for which we have reliable statistics" (Reichenbach 1938, p.

Indeed, I'm strongly inclined to think that what is at stake in such arguments is the attempt to get us to perceive and imagine things in new and different lights. That seems to be what is going on in much of the argumentation concerned with art and aesthetics; 15 it may also be what is at issue in the those parts of moral philosophy which attempt to get us to take seriously one or another moral ideal. 16 The skills of the poet rather than of the dialectician are what come to the fore; but the activity is no less rational persuasion for that.

4. CONCLUSION: FURTHER QUESTIONS If the thesis that argumentation is the attempt to modify conscious attitudes through rational means is correct, then the three steps outlined here can provide clues for a useful taxonomy of argumentation and lay the groundwork for a series of questions about what features and norms are common to the different categories of argumentation and what features and norms are specific to one or more categories. In particular, one can begin to see that in each of the three major categories there are quite specific questions that need to be asked and answered, and that the theory of See the notion of paradigm scenarios in de Sousa 1987, chapter 7.

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