Download Army Architecture in the West: Forts Laramie, Bridger, and by Alison K. Hoagland PDF

By Alison K. Hoagland

During the 19th century, the U.S. army equipped a variety of forts around the nation because it stationed an increasing number of troops west of the Mississippi. while most folks take into consideration army forts within the American West, they think implementing strongholds, meccas of safety enclosed through excessive, palisaded partitions. This well known view, in spite of the fact that, is way from reality.

In Army structure within the West, Alison ok. Hoagland dispels the parable that each one western forts have been uniform constructions of army may churned out based on a grasp set of plans approved through military officers in Washington, D.C. as an alternative, through analyzing 3 exemplary Wyoming forts, Hoagland finds that largely various architectural designs have been used to build western forts.

With greater than one hundred twenty illustrations, Army structure within the West bargains a brand new approach of utilizing structure to achieve perception into the function of the military within the American West. by means of targeting the tangible continues to be of the army’s presence within the West, Hoagland provides a brand new imaginative and prescient of yankee army history.

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Extra info for Army Architecture in the West: Forts Laramie, Bridger, and D. A. Russell, 1849-1912

Example text

The controversy heightened in 1867 when poor site selection forced the army to abandon several partially built forts in Texas. ” Despite the inefficiencies, the struggle over fort placement continued. The disagreement also extended to building construction. In 1866 Sherman obtained a $1 million appropriation—diverted from Meigs’s account by order of the secretary of war—for construction of forts in his Division of the Missouri. In administering this “sheltering fund,” Sherman retained final approval of all construction, and his chief quartermaster at the division level disbursed the funds, sending $300,000 to the chief quartermaster of the Department of the Platte for distribution to posts there.

The 8-foot-high adobe wall enclosed an area of about 2 acres. At two opposite corners stood hexagonal blockhouses, 24 feet on a side (fig. 1-8). Never used defensively, the blockhouses served as teamsters’ 34 ■ OUTPOST: FORTS LARAMIE AND BRIDGER, 1849–1869 Fig. 1-9. Fort Laramie, 1867. Corresponding closely to the 1867 plan, this view shows the general sprawl of shops and storehouses off to the right, with the adobe redoubt on the far right. On the artist’s side of the river are “Brown’s Mess House,” a bar and restaurant for soldiers, and on the far left, Indian tepees.

The public, comforted by the proximity of the military, favored the small posts. ”11 The area was too vast to permit concentration. For the next several decades, the various commanding generals and secretaries of war explained to Congress repeatedly that this strategy of saturation had a cost: supplying scattered posts was expensive. 12 As conditions stood, these posts required costly support, in part because they occupied land where fuel and building materials were not readily available. The army’s mission to protect emigrant trails had another effect: the numerous small forts would be temporary in nature, not permanent.

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