By Committee on Assessment of Agent Monitoring Strategies for the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants, Board on Army Science and Technology, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council
January 2012 observed the final touch of the U.S. Army's Chemical fabrics Agency's (CMA's) activity to break ninety percentage of the nation's stockpile of chemical guns. CMA accomplished destruction of the chemical brokers and linked guns deployed in another country, which have been transported to Johnston Atoll, southwest of Hawaii, and demilitarized there. the remainder 10 percentage of the nation's chemical guns stockpile is saved at continental U.S. depots, in Lexington, Kentucky, and Pueblo, Colorado. Their destruction has been assigned to a separate U.S. military association, the Assembled Chemical guns possible choices (ACWA) Element.
ACWA is at the moment developing the final chemical guns disposal amenities, the Pueblo and Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot crops (denoted PCAPP and BGCAPP), with guns destruction actions scheduled to begin in 2015 and 2020, respectively. ACWA is charged with destroying the mustard agent stockpile at Pueblo and the nerve and mustard agent stockpile at Blue Grass with no utilizing the a number of incinerators and furnaces used on the 5 CMA demilitarization vegetation that handled assembled chemical guns - munitions containing either chemical brokers and explosive/propulsive elements. the 2 ACWA demilitarization amenities are congressionally mandated to hire noncombustion-based chemical neutralization strategies to break chemical agents.
In order to securely function its disposal vegetation, CMA built tools and tactics to observe chemical agent infection of either secondary waste material and plant structural parts. ACWA at present plans to undertake those equipment and techniques to be used at those amenities. The Assessment of Agent tracking recommendations for the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants document additionally develops and describes a half-dozen eventualities related to potential ACWA secondary waste characterization, approach apparatus upkeep and changeover actions, and closure agent decontamination demanding situations, the place direct, real-time agent illness measurements on surfaces or in porous bulk fabrics could permit extra effective and probably more secure operations if appropriate analytical expertise is out there and affordable.
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Extra info for Assessment of Agent Monitoring Strategies for the Blue Grass and Pueblo: Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants
SOURCE: Sean Smith, USAE ACWA Systems Engineering, “PCAPP Overview,” presentation to the committee on February 22, 2011. Note: The numbers above the boxes are simply sequential indicators that complement the arrows and act as guides for the multifaceted destruction progression from box to box. After the agent and any residual solid heel are removed, the projectile bodies containing the burster wells are placed in other trays and moved to the munitions treatment unit (MTU), where they will be decontaminated by heating to at least 1000F for over 15 min prior to being released.
In these cases, NRT agent vapor monitors are deployed in unventilated areas to determine if agent vapor levels rise above 1 VSL. While these vapor screening procedures have been used to safely characterize agent contamination of both solid waste materials and structural components at CMA chemical demilitarization sites for the past two decades, they are time consuming and do not directly identify the specific contaminated surface areas that may require further decontamination. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences.
Through a second HEPA filter to catch any carbon particulates escaping from the carbon filters. 5. Through the large induced-draft fan that drives the whole HVAC system by sucking the air out. 6. Up the exhaust stack and into the atmosphere. Each filter bank comprises 48 trays weighing about 100 lb each and containing about 48 lb activated carbon. A tray is depicted in Figure 2-10 and the airflow through the tray in Figure 2-11. MINICAMS monitor the air between banks 1 and 2, 2 and 3, 3 and 4, and 4 and 5, as shown in Figure 2-9.