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By A. Brodal, O. Pompeiano

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The use of the method described above (discussed in more detail elsewhere, Brodal, 1972) has made it possible to decide with considerable accuracy the sites of origin of several efferent fibre contingents of the vestibular nuclear complex. The results of these studies show that each eferent contingent has its particular site of origin. Thus the lateral vestibulospinal tract arises only from the lateral vestibular nucleus, and, as already mentioned, from small as well as large cells (Pompeiano and Brodal, 1957a).

Cold Spr. Hurb. Symp. quunt. , 30, 115-145. , FLOCK, A. -G. (1970) The vestibular sensory areas and the organ of Corti. A scanning electron microscopic study. Z . Horgerateukustik, 9, 56-63. This Page Intentionally Left Blank 19 Physiology of the Vestibular Receptors 0 . LOWENSTEIN Department of Zoology and Comparative Physiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, Greut Britain Roughly 150 years ago the vestibular organ emerged from the obscurity of its assumed r6le as antechamber to the auditory organ with a possible but ill-defined auditory function into the limelight of recognition of its governorship in the field of control of posture and movement.

E, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway The vast majority of anatomical studies of the vestibular nuclei, especially the experimental ones, have been made in the cat. In spite of certain species differences it appears that the organization of these nuclei is in principle the same in all mammals. Even the vestibular nuclear complex of man appears to be very similar to that of the cat, as can be seen from our study of the architectonics and subdivisions of the human vestibular nuclei (Sadjadpour and Rrodal, 1968) and from our study of the vestibulospinal projection in man ( L ~ k e nand Brodal, 1970).

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