By Sheila Jeffreys
Should western attractiveness practices, starting from lipstick to labiaplasty, be integrated in the United international locations understandings of damaging traditional/cultural practices? by way of reading the position of universal good looks practices in harmful the well-being of girls, developing sexual distinction, and imposing woman deference, this ebook argues that they should.
In the Nineteen Seventies feminists criticized pervasive attractiveness regimes corresponding to healthy eating plan and depilation, yet a few ‘new’ feminists argue that good looks practices aren't any longer oppressive now that girls can ‘choose’ them. besides the fact that, within the final 20 years the brutality of western attractiveness practices turns out to became even more critical, requiring the breaking of dermis, spilling of blood and rearrangement or amputation of physique components. Beauty and Misogyny seeks to make feel of why good looks practices are usually not basically simply as continual, yet in lots of methods extra severe. It examines the pervasive use of make-up, the misogyny of style and high-heeled footwear, and appears on the position of pornography within the construction of more and more well known attractiveness practices akin to breast implants, genital waxing and surgical alteration of the labia. It seems on the plastic surgery and physique piercing/cutting industries as being types of self-mutilation through proxy, during which the surgeons and piercers function proxies to hurt women’s our bodies, and concludes via contemplating how a tradition of resistance to those practices will be created.
This crucial paintings will entice scholars and lecturers of feminist psychology, gender reviews, cultural experiences, and feminist sociology at either undergraduate and postgraduate degrees, and to a person with an curiosity in feminism, girls and sweetness, and women’s health.
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Extra info for Beauty and Misogyny Harmful Cultural Practices in the West (Women and Psychology)
Eye contact is also a way of expressing power. Men may stare at women and women are not supposed to stare in return but to decorously cast down their eyes. But men may not stare at other men without inviting an aggressive, ``who are you staring at'' response. These behaviours are learnt both through direct instruction, such as mothers telling their daughters to keep their knees together, and through social interaction. But it is likely that by adulthood they are seen by those who practise them as ``natural''.
Wittig's analysis of the requirements of the ``category of sex'' for women is helpful for understanding beauty practices. She explains that women are made into sex itself: The category of sex is the product of heterosexual society that turns half of the population into sexual beings. Wherever they are, whatever they do (including working in the public sector), they are seen (and made) sexually available to men, and they, breasts, buttocks, costume, must be visible. They must wear their yellow star, their constant smile, day and night.
Thus the casual assumption that girls would be able to make a reasonable choice between outcast status in which they may have to hide for a lifetime from a family seeking vengeance for the shame brought upon it, and having surgery which would enable them to remain, is a rather surprising one. These ``choices'' are not equal in their implications and Saharso's suggestion that they should be considered so demonstrates the strange logic that can result from the fetishizing of choice in western liberal theory.