By Rebecca M. Jordan-Young
Male and female brains are diverse, because of hormones coursing in the course of the mind prior to start. That's taught as truth in psychology textbooks, educational journals, and bestselling books. And those hardwired changes clarify every thing from sexual orientation to gender id, to why there aren't extra ladies physicists or extra stay-at-home dads.
In this compelling e-book, Rebecca Jordan-Young takes at the proof that intercourse variations are hardwired into the mind. studying almost all released examine that helps the claims of "human mind association theory," Jordan-Young finds how usually those reports fail the criteria of technological know-how. no matter if cautious researchers indicate the boundaries in their personal reports, different researchers and newshounds can simply forget about them simply because mind association concept simply sounds so correct. but when a sequence of methodological weaknesses, questionable assumptions, inconsistent definitions, and large gaps among ambiguous findings and grand conclusions have amassed over the years, then technological know-how isn't medical at all.
Elegantly written, this booklet argues passionately that the research of gender ameliorations merits way more rigorous, biologically subtle technological know-how. "The proof for hormonal intercourse differentiation of the human mind greater resembles a hodge-podge pile than an outstanding structure...Once we have now cleared the rubble, we will start to construct more moderen, extra clinical tales approximately human development."
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Additional info for Brain Storm: The Flaws in the Science of Sex Differences
In brain organization work that followed these early studies, both unabashed gender conservatism and preference for seeing postnatal social experiences as the major player in gender and sexuality gave way. Normative statements about “women’s roles” and girls’ and women’s behavior being “appropriately feminine” were replaced with more-neutral statements about what women and girls versus boys and men do and think and say they want. In this way, conventionally gendered behavior was taken out of the context of prescription and presented as simple description.
For some time, I have thought of sex, gender, and sexuality as a three-ply yarn. I ﬁnd the metaphor appealing because it suggests three strands that are simultaneously distinct, interrelated, and somewhat fuzzy around the boundaries. As a double entendre, “three-ply yarn” also suggests the narrative aspects of the domains and their relations with one another (Young 2000). In other words, the perceived relationships among bodies, desires, and a wide range of social norms governing roles and interactions are central to the stories that we tell ourselves about human nature and the meaning of maleness and femaleness.
Let me show you why. chapter two Hormones and Hardwiring I t all started with guinea pigs, and, of course, with sex. Brain organization theory was ofﬁcially born in 1959, when William Young and his colleagues at the University of Kansas published their groundbreaking article “Organizing Action of Prenatally Administered Testosterone Propionate on the Tissues Mediating Mating Behavior in the Female Guinea Pig” (Phoenix et al. 1959). It rests on a very simple idea: the brain is a sort of accessory reproductive organ.