By Francis Cairns, E. Fantham
d the heritage of the realm by way of surroundings in teach the transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. This themed quantity of PLLS handles the real and arguable challenge of Caesar's personal attitudes to 'liberty' and 'autocracy'. It includes revised, annotated and now and again improved types of papers brought on the 7th Annual Langford convention at Florida country college, in addition to one supplementary contribution and English translations of 2 papers initially released in Italian. The participants represent a special overseas crew of historic historians.
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Additional info for Caesar against liberty? : perspectives on his autocracy
Well before he became tutor to an adolescent emperor and composed De dementia Seneca addressed the quality; not only as the special virtue of Claudius to which he as an exile hoped to appeal, but also of Caesar himself. As for Caesar, Griffin illustrates how Seneca praised his clemency towards the Pompeians in De Ira, but disqualifies it in De Beneficiis as a counterargument to Brutus's 16 ELAINE FANTHAM justification of killing the man who had spared his life. While Caesar deserved praise for sparing his opponents, he must be condemned for abusing the power he had been given to subdue Rome's Gallic and German enemies in order to obtain absolute power over Rome (Ben.
Justifications and Admissions It is well known that insofar as Caesar seeks to justify his conduct in Gaul, he does so almost solely in relation to the first year of the war. As it progressed, the conquest of Gaul justified itself, not only emotionally, but legally too. Once the sedulously elastic claim that Gaul was pacified had been made, all further campaigns were devoted by definition to the suppression of revolts. But even at the outset Caesar offers only the most perfunctory of explanations for his unconcealed intention to make war.
4). Yet the tribes who have most bitter experience of fighting the Germans are also ready to use German aid if the opportunity arises. 2), but the most consistent exponents of this policy are the Treveri. 1). This last fact was important; when Caesar first mentions 27 26 27 For imperitus, cf. Hellegouarc'h (1963) 514. Apart from the violently anti-Caesarian Walser (1956), cf. Sherwin-White (1967) 29ff. 1). ). 4). 7). 2). The evidence just cited gives a clear enough) picture of the role of the Germans in relation to the conquest of Gaul.