By Andreas Faludi
In view that its origin the ecu Union has steadily constructed rules which are aimed toward reaching elevated monetary and social team spirit. This booklet examines the latest of those, the idea that of territorial solidarity. Territorial solidarity is the pursuit of balanced improvement, competitiveness, sustainable improvement, and solid governance. those issues are such a lot with no trouble addressed via the formula of spatial suggestions lower than the umbrella of spatial making plans, that brings jointly a mess of private and non-private actors in a approach that calls for harmony, coherence and co-operation. This book traces the improvement of spatial making plans at eu point and argues that spatial making plans can develop into a automobile, not just for territorial team spirit, yet for ecu coverage generally.
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Extra info for Cohesion, coherence, co-operation: European spatial planning coming of age?
Such ‘spatial positioning’ – the term having been coined by Dick Williams – is an important element of strategic spatial planning. In line with Dutch policies towards European integration – the Dutch were amongst its most ardent proponents – the planning elite engaged foreign colleagues in discussions. This is what Chapter 1 ‘Planners going international’ is about. The Spaak Report, named after the Belgian foreign minister Paul-Henri Spaak, laid the foundations for the Treaty of Rome. There was recognition that the removal of customs barriers, one of the main aims of what was quickly dubbed the Common Market, would change geography to the detriment of some and the advantage of others.
The next chapter shows that Dutch planners tried, but often to no avail. CHAPTER 2 DASHED EXPECTATIONS THE TREATY OF ROME The restriction to purely economic matters is, however, insufficient. Man’s life is … determined and influenced by many more factors than solely by economic ones … . 1 These lines by the chief planner of North Rhine-Westphalia, Norbert Ley, in the Festschrift for Jasper Vink at the occasion of his retirement express the widely held view amongst European top planners that the EEC should engage in spatial planning.
Dutch urban designers were of course involved in the Congrès Internationaux d’Architecture Moderne (CIAM). Since 1930, the author of the Amsterdam General Extension Plan, Cornelis van Eesteren, was its president. One of the CIAM activities was an international comparison of cities. The idea was to compile an encyclopaedia. The German Ernst Neuffert had conceived of such an encyclopaedia, still in use, for architecture. Nowadays, collections of norms and standards are common in planning. A 1936 International Planning Congress in Paris specifically discussed national planning.