By F.R. Walther
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Additional resources for Communication and expression in hoofed mammals
On the other hand, one may still speak of a kind of addressing since the display is clearly released by the other's presence and/or behavior, the latter can definitely perceive it, and it is absolutely appropriate for delivering a definite message to him. As always in the "towhomitmay concern" type, of course, the major part of the Page 26 communication process is now with the recipient, and the role of the sender's addressing has dwindled to a minimum; however, such a minimum may still be said to be recognizable.
Since scientists often feel a need to use special terms for special subjects, they may even cut several "pieces" out of the same broadened term with the result that they finally all use the same word, but each of them means something different. Indeed, it is. However, it is germane to point out in which sense certain terms are used in this book, how they particularly apply to ungulate behavior, and also which behaviors of hoofed mammals are considered to fall into the central realm of a given term or category and which ones appear to be more peripheral to it, since the best approach, given this TowerofBabel situation, may be to find out in which sense a given Page 15 term can be used without any doubt and then to proceed from this central realm to cases which appear to be related but are not beyond possible reservations.
The difficulties lie (a) in the distinction between this sort of "builtin" triggering of a response and "aiming" at a response, and (b) in the question of whether and to what extent this triggering of a response by a structure "builtin'' for the purpose should be considered to belong to communication. , Lorenz 1935, EiblEibesfeldt 1970) usually unite such physical and behavioral structures with intention movements and other expressive displays within the same major category: the social releasers.