By Randi Deguilhem, Suraiya Faroqhi
This quantity offers examine on craft staff inside and outdoors the guild constitution from the trendy and modern Mediterranean global. a number of of the essays are in accordance with study on the subject of the past due sixteenth-century Ottoman Empire whereas different reviews care for conventional type crafts in twentieth-century Turkey and Egypt reminiscent of tanning or the handbook construction of copper vessels the place Ottoman craft traditions have been nonetheless of importance.
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Additional info for Crafts and Craftsmen of the Middle East: Fashioning the Individual in the Muslim Mediterranean (Islamic Mediterranean Series)
Compare Evliya Çelebi, 1896–1938, v. 10, pp. 358–377. , 1988–1989. As to the inventories which record registers outside Turkey, see Faroqhi, 1999, pp. 76–80. Taeschner, 1979. This volume contains articles written in earlier decades. Gölpınarlı, 1949–1950. As one of the very few possible exceptions that I know of, the keepers of wine-shops in Istanbul were obliged to furnish rowers for the Ottoman galleys, perhaps because their lowly status made them seem fit company for the criminals and prisoners of war who otherwise did the rowing; see Bostan, 1992, pp.
330. Inalcik, 1960; Sahillioğlu, 1985. Gerber, 1988, pp. 27, 63, see also Faroqhi, 1995b. , 1965. Akarlı, 1985–1986. On the complicated appointment process of a guild warden, compare Inalcik, 1986; Faroqhi, 2002 contains information on the disputes between kethüda and guildsmen arising in such a situation. Raymond, 1973–1974, v. 2, pp. 458–459, concludes that throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the Copts of Cairo do not seem to have possessed guilds of their own. Yıldırım, 2002.
This should mean that as we have seen in a different context, Istanbul guildsmen did not particularly object to regulation from above, quite to the contrary. As for the central administration, it would appear that while conditions in the provinces had often, by this time, more or less escaped from its control, there was a will to compensate for this loss by the closest possible supervision of the inhabitants of Istanbul. A kind of consensus, therefore, seems to have existed between rulers and ruled, the extent and limits of which will have to be explored in future studies.