By Ulrike Tabbert
Experiences on crime in newspapers don't offer a impartial illustration of criminals and their offences yet in its place build them according to societal discourse surrounding this factor. This booklet takes an interdisciplinary procedure on the intersection of Linguistics, Criminology, and Media reviews and demonstrates how Linguistics can give a contribution to the examine of crime within the media. via combining the instruments provided by way of Corpus Linguistics and significant Stylistics (a text-based framework for serious Discourse Analysis), facts is supplied for major perceptions of crime and their underlying ideologies in either British and German society. This examine names and illustrates the main major linguistic units used to build offenders, sufferers, and crimes in newspaper corpora compiled from the German and British press. those units are then associated with criminological frameworks.
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Extra info for Crime and Corpus: The linguistic representation of crime in the press
He states that ‘many relevant instances of agency might be overlooked’ once the analysis ‘ties itself in too closely to specific linguistic operations or categories’ (Van Leeuwen 1996: 33). His critique points to the fact that the tools of Critical Linguistics (as well as critical language studies in general) stem from Linguistics and there has not been developed a general theory of language within critical language studies so far (Jeffries 2007: 13). Nevertheless, the advantages of a set of analytical tools are obvious.
G. Feminist discourse. g. the discourse on HIV. In Linguistics, two main approaches to a definition have been developed. The structuralist definition based on Chomsky’s notion of language being a mental phenomenon regards discourse as a particular unit of language above the sentence or above the clause (Schiffrin 1994: 20ff) whereas Halliday’s functional approach based on the notion of language being primarily a societal phenomenon defines discourse as a particular focus on language use (Blommaert 2005: 2ff; Schiffrin 1994: 20f).
The concept of risk has become ‘a touchstone’ (Brown 2000: 93) in relation to (dangerous) offenders. Because the media exaggerate the extent of violent crime, they concomitantly ‘create conditions for the support of the penal system’ (Mason 2006: 252) as a means to keep the risk of crime under control. An undefined and abstract risk of being or becoming affected by crime leads to impalpable fear which evokes a feeling of insecurity. Out of this insecurity a ‘renaissance of dangerousness’ and a concurrent ‘invocation of predatory monsters and demons’ unifies the public against a common enemy (Brown et al.