Download Crime and Crime Control: A Global View (A World View of by Gregg Barak PDF

By Gregg Barak

Are crime premiums emerging or falling all over the world? Are particular varieties of crime extra time-honored in a few cultures than others? Do diversified cultures range enormously of their attitudes towards crime prevention? scholars will locate solutions to those and comparable questions during this distinct source of 15 case experiences exploring the issues of crime and crime keep an eye on in several international locations, starting from Germany to Ghana, to worldwide. Cross-cultural comparisons learn the heritage, the general public perceptions, modern difficulties, and the way forward for crime and crime keep watch over in every one kingdom. The comparisons additionally offer readers with the chance to find either the various transformations and the various similarities that exist one of the various cultures of their charges of crime, different types of prevention, and attitudes towards it.

Each of the 15 chapters opens with a quick assessment, consisting of the kind of executive and the residing atmosphere of the rustic to introduce readers to the inhabitants. The international locations have been selected to symbolize each zone of the realm and to supply as wide an image as attainable while exploring the problems provided by way of the matter of crime and diverse cultures' efforts to manage it. The hassle-free layout of the amount, with each one bankruptcy following an analogous define, makes it effortless for readers to match particular points one of the 15 cultures. those diverse perspectives of the crime challenge around the globe and what it skill to diversified humans can assist scholars to appreciate it in a vast experience as a social factor that is affecting all of humanity.

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1997. Sistema penitencidrio. Mudangas de perfil dos anos 50 aos 90. Revista IIANUD, no. 6. United Nations, Sao Paulo. Katz, J. 1988. Seductions of Crime. New York: Basic Books. Lengruber, J. (org). 1996. Alternativas a Pena de Prisdo. Vol. II. Governo do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Secretaria de Estado de Justica. Rio de Janeiro. Luz, H. 1995a. " Entrevista, Revista da Folha 4, 181 (8 de Outubro). 1995b. " Entrevista, Veja Rio 5, 34 (Agosto). 1996. " Entrevista, O Globo (24 de marco). Machado da Silva, L.

1993. Critical Issues in Policing. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland. Fernandes, N. et al. 1997. " Jornal do Brasil, Rio de Janeiro (6 de julho): 1-16. Freund, J. 1979. " Violence et Transgression. Paris: Anthropos, 35-59. Gold, R. 1970. " Journal of the American Institute of Planners 36, 3 (May). Heilborn, M. L. 1997. " In F. R. ), Quern Mandou Nascer Mulher? Estudos sobre Criangas e Adolescentes Pobres no Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: Rosa dos Tempos. IBGE (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica).

There are a number of possible explanations for this, but two major ones stand out. The first is based, perhaps universally, on the observation that criminal behavior is, to a large extent, youthful behavior. The second is based, also perhaps universally, on the modernization (or "convergence") theory of criminality. Hirschi and Gottfredson (1983) have reviewed crime data from England, Wales, France, and the United States over the past 150 years and have found that the conventional index crime, always and everywhere, increases with age, peaks in the teenage and early adulthood years, and then declines.

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