By Nancy Kollmann
It is a magisterial new account of the daily perform of Russian felony justice within the 17th and early eighteenth centuries. Nancy Kollmann contrasts Russian written legislation with its pragmatic software by means of neighborhood judges, arguing that this mix of formal legislations and felony associations with casual, versatile perform contributed to the country's social and political balance. She additionally areas Russian advancements within the broader context of early smooth eu state-building concepts of governance and felony perform. She compares Russia's rituals of execution to the 'spectacles of ache' of up to date ecu capital punishment and uncovers the dramatic ways that even the tsar himself, complying with Moscow's ideologies of legitimacy, bent to the ethical economic climate of the group in moments of rebellion. all through, the ebook assesses how felony felony perform used violence strategically, administering terrible punishments from time to time and in others accommodating with neighborhood groups and renowned options of justice.
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Additional info for Crime and Punishment in Early Modern Russia
2: PRP vii: 396). PSZ ii: nos. 779 (1679), 1011 (1683); Sedov, Zakat, 403–10; Ustiugov, “Evoliutsiia,” 159. PSZ ii: no. 1062 (1684). Investigators sent: PSZ ii: no. 998 (1683); PSZ iii: no. 1625 (1698). Final abolition: PSZ iv: nos. 1874 (1701) and 1900 (1702); Eskin, “Razboinyi prikaz”; Brown, “Muscovite Government Bureaus,” 323 and “Early Modern Russian Bureaucracy,” ch. 11. 125 on Sun Dec 23 05:42:06 WET 2012. 003 Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2012 Foundations of the criminal law 35 governor and brigandage elder in beloozero and arzamas Cases from Beloozero and Arzamas illustrate dynamic relationships between brigandage elder and governor.
PSZ v: no. 3294 (1719). On governors: Schmidt, Sozialkontrolle, ch. 125 on Sun Dec 23 05:42:06 WET 2012. 003 Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2012 32 Judicial culture jurisdictions. Church institutions, landlords and some Moscow chanceries enjoyed judicial and administrative authority over people subject to them or over certain categories of crime, and they often conflicted with governors in the exercise of those powers. Furthermore, in many communities governors had to work with locally elected officials – administrative, judicial – which were only gradually consolidated or eliminated by the end of the seventeenth century.
Local participation was intensive: criminal law investigation and local policing were done by elected justices of the peace, constables and coroners, involving thousands in counties across the realm; juries and grand juries engaged landed gentry and local values in adjudication. 7 England’s model of interaction between society and state in legal practice, although based on very 6 7 Carroll, Blood and Violence, 331. French kings’ accommodations with society: Beik, Absolutism and Society, chs. 4 and 7; Henshall, Myth of Absolutism.