By Peter Joyce
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The Blackwell significant other to Criminology offers a modern and international source to scholarship in either classical and topical parts of criminology. Written accessibly, and with its overseas standpoint and best scholarship, this is often really the 1st worldwide instruction manual of criminology. Editors and individuals are overseas specialists in criminology, providing a comparative point of view on theories and structures includes complete dialogue of key debates and theories, the consequences of latest subject matters, reports and ideas, and modern advancements insurance comprises: category, gender, and race, legal justice, juvenile delinquency, punishment, mass media, foreign crimes, and social regulate
Crime ist – neben intercourse – ein spannendes Thema. Die Boulevardpresse most sensible? tigt das t? glich. Gerade aber eine wachsende Zahl von KriminologInnen sieht das anders. Sie finden das Verbrechen langweilig. Kriminalit? t ist f? r sie das Ergebnis von Etikettierungen. Und diese Etikettierungen interessieren sie – unter interaktionstheoretischen, sozial-?
Over contemporary a long time criminological study has replaced from a gender-blind self-discipline which equated crime with males and hence neglected questions on gender, to an strategy that studied gender via displaying statistical adjustments among women and men, after which ultimately to a extra inclusive and intricate gender-theoretical method of crime and crime keep an eye on.
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Additional info for Criminal justice : an introduction to crime and the criminal justice system
This version of strain theory was put forward as an explanation for adolescent delinquency. It was argued that ‘the blockage of pain-avoidance behaviour frustrates the adolescent and may lead to illegal escape attempts or anger-based delinquency (Agnew, 1985: 154). According to this approach, delinquency is derived from the frustration of being unable to adopt pain-avoidance behaviour to escape from a wide range of aversive situations (which may include school, family or neighbourhood), even if this situation does not directly affect the individual’s ability to attain intermediate or long-term goals.
An individual prevented from obtaining society’s success goals by legitimate means might attempt to achieve them by abandoning the ‘rules of the game’ and attain them by criminal methods. Retreatism. In this case an individual abandoned both the culturally accepted goals of society and the conventional means of securing them. Behaviour that embraced the use of drugs or alcohol might be taken up by a person who adopted a negative form of deviancy and effectively decided to ‘opt out’ of society. Rebellion.
This aspect of new deviancy had initially been put forward by Edwin Lemert (1951). Individuals who were labelled became stigmatised and a self-fulfilling prophecy arose whereby they might seek to live up to their designation by engaging in activities which they would have otherwise avoided. In this sense, therefore, ‘social control leads to deviance’ (Lemert, 1967: v). This was opposed to the conventional assertion that crime or deviancy led to social control. QXD 30 19/4/06 3:19 pm Page 30 Criminal Justice Crime as a social construct Interactionism underpinned the view that crime (and also deviance) were social constructions.